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            2022考研英語(yǔ)二大作文預測:柱狀圖

            最后更新時(shí)間:2021-12-20 10:35:24
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              1. 二氧化碳排放

              Directions:

              Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should

              1) interpret the chart, and

              2) give your comments.

              You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

            考研英語(yǔ)大作文預測

              The bar chart depicts the sources of CO2 emission in the air. The main contributor is vehicles, accounting for 50%. The CO2 emission from factories takes up approximately 35%. While the minor contributor is smoking, which occupies 5% or so.

              The chart above intends to convey a fact that with the rapid advancement of economy and the improvement of people’s living standards, air pollution has become a serious issue. Following reasons can be responsible for this phenomenon. First and foremost, it is because the government lacks relevant rules and regulations that the public ignore environmental protection. What’s more, quite a few corporations and individuals pursue benefits at the cost of environment, as a consequence of which, greenhouse gas has increasingly accumulated. Last but not least, there is another reason that the public are in lack of awareness towards environmental conservation, which should be taken into account.

              Based on what has been discussed above, a conclusion can be drawn safely that we should protect the environment where we live. Consequently, we are supposed to adopt effective measures to solve the contamination.

              譯文:

              條形圖描繪了空氣中的CO2排放源。主要貢獻者是車(chē)輛,占50%。工廠(chǎng)的二氧化碳排放約占35%。而次要貢獻者是吸煙,占5%左右。

              以上圖表意在傳達一個(gè)事實(shí),即隨著(zhù)經(jīng)濟的迅速發(fā)展和人民生活水平的提高,空氣污染已成為一個(gè)嚴重的問(wèn)題。以下原因可能是造成這種現象的原因。首先,因為政府缺乏相關(guān)的規章制度,公眾忽視了環(huán)境保護。更重要的是,相當多的公司和個(gè)人以環(huán)境代價(jià)追求利益,因此,溫室氣體日益積累。最后,但并非最不重要的一點(diǎn),還有一個(gè)原因,即市民對環(huán)境保護缺乏認識,這應得到考慮。

              根據上述討論,可以安全地得出結論,即我們應該保護我們生活的環(huán)境。因此,我們應該采取有效措施解決污染問(wèn)題。

              2. 出國留學(xué)

              Directions:

              Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should

              1) interpret the chart, and

              2) give your comments.

              You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

            考研英語(yǔ)大作文預測

              As is evidently demonstrated in the chart above, the 10 years between 2007 and 2016 have witnessed some remarkable changes with regard to the statistics of Chinese students studying abroad. To be concrete, the number of Chinese students to pursue a further study in other countries experienced a steady gain of 3.3 million, from roughly 120 million in 2007 to approximately 450 million in 2016. Meanwhile, the growth rate also ascended stably in the first 6 years and reached its peak in 2012, and since then that began to decline gradually.

              What triggers this phenomenon? Maybe at least two reasons can be identified to contribute to this matter. But the most vital one is that with the accelerating pace of the economy and society, parents in mounting numbers have possessed sufficient financial resources, which enables them to afford their children’s higher education in developed countries, as a consequence of which, an increasing number students choose to study abroad. Simultaneously, there is no denying that owing to even more desirable education facilities and atmosphere in advanced countries, like the United States and British, than those in our country, so that it is without wonder that an ocean of students would love to study overseas to equip them with a preferable education.

              Taking what has been analyzed above into consideration, we may conclude that along with the development of globalization, it is feasible for students to make access to more opportunities to acquire education. Considering the data above, I am well convinced that there is no surprise to see more students tend to study abroad in the near future. Nevertheless, youngsters are supposed to treat studying abroad rationally. Although it is profitable for broadening people’s horizons, it may also lead an extravagant and meaningless life for some people. To some students, studying in our own universities is also a good choice.

              譯文:

              正如上表所示,2007年至2016年的10年,中國學(xué)生出國留學(xué)的統計數據發(fā)生了一些顯著(zhù)的變化。具體來(lái)說(shuō),在其他國家繼續深造的中國學(xué)生人數穩步增加330萬(wàn),從2007年的約1.2億人增加至2016年的約4.5億人。與此同時(shí),增長(cháng)率在頭6年也穩定上升,并在2012年達到頂峰,此后開(kāi)始逐漸下降。

              是什么觸發(fā)了這種現象?也許至少有兩個(gè)理由可以查明,有助于此事。但最重要的是,隨著(zhù)經(jīng)濟和社會(huì )步伐的加快,越來(lái)越多的父母擁有充足的財政資源,這使得他們能夠負擔發(fā)達國家的子女高等教育費用,因此,越來(lái)越多的學(xué)生選擇出國留學(xué)。同時(shí),不可否認,由于在像美國和英國這樣的先進(jìn)國家,教育設施和氣氛比我國更理想,因此,毫無(wú)疑問(wèn),一個(gè)又一又一個(gè)的學(xué)生希望出國留學(xué),為他們提供更理想的教育。

              考慮到上述分析,我們可以得出結論,隨著(zhù)全球化的發(fā)展,學(xué)生獲得更多獲得教育的機會(huì )是可行的??紤]到上述數據,我深信,在不久的將來(lái),看到更多的學(xué)生傾向于出國留學(xué)并不奇怪。然而,年輕人應該理性地對待出國留學(xué)。雖然它能拓寬人們的視野是有利可圖的,但也可能為一些人帶來(lái)奢侈和毫無(wú)意義的生活。對一些學(xué)生來(lái)說(shuō),在我們自己的大學(xué)學(xué)習也是一個(gè)不錯的選擇。

              3. 消費類(lèi)

              Directions:

              Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should

              1) interpret the chart, and

              2) give your comments.

              You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

            考研英語(yǔ)二作文預測

              As is clearly shown in the bar chart, great change has taken place in the numbers of GDP in the past 5 years. As to the GDP, the figures show a rapid and significant increase from 2014 to 2018, merely a rise from almost 6.4 thousand billion to more than 9 thousand billion by near one third.

              At least two fundamental factors could be identified to contribute to this phenomenon. On the one hand, it’ s widely admitted that, with the rapid economic development in the countries, the overall production has been dramatically upgraded. As a result, the economic strength of the whole country has been enhanced largely. On the other hand, there is no denying that, since the society already enjoys advanced civilization, the vast majority of people might have already possessed higher education. Accordingly, the scientific development which generally follows the spread of education and undoubtedly will promote the productivity in the human society has taken place in the country in the recent years.

              Considering all the points discussed above, we can naturally come to the conclusion that the trend demonstrated in the chart will definitely sustain in the forthcoming future, which means the GDP of China will continue to increase.

              譯文:

              正如條形圖中清楚顯示的,過(guò)去5年國內生產(chǎn)總值數量發(fā)生了巨大變化。至于GDP,數據顯示,從2014年到2018年,生產(chǎn)總值(GDP)迅速而顯著(zhù)地增長(cháng),僅從近64萬(wàn)億上升到9000多億,增幅接近三分之一。

              至少可以確定兩個(gè)基本因素促成這一現象。一方面,人們普遍認為,隨著(zhù)各國經(jīng)濟的快速發(fā)展,整體生產(chǎn)得到了大幅提升。因此,全國的經(jīng)濟實(shí)力得到了大的增強。另一方面,不可否認,由于社會(huì )已經(jīng)享有先進(jìn)的文明,絕大多數人可能已經(jīng)接受高等教育。因此,近年來(lái),隨著(zhù)教育的傳播,科學(xué)的發(fā)展無(wú)疑將促進(jìn)人類(lèi)社會(huì )的生產(chǎn)力的發(fā)展。

              考慮到以上各點(diǎn),我們自然可以得出這樣的結論:圖表中顯示的趨勢在未來(lái)一定會(huì )持續下去,這意味著(zhù)中國的GDP將繼續增長(cháng)。

              4. 電子書(shū)紙質(zhì)書(shū)

              Directions:

              Write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should

              1) interpret the chart, and

              2) give your comments.

              You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)

            2022考研英語(yǔ)作文預測

              As is clearly reflected in the above bar chart, the changes of reader’s number of electronic and paper books demonstrate evident distinctions from 2010 to 2013. According to the data given, there is a slight decline in the quantity of electronic books readers from 10 million in 2010 to 8 million in 2013. While the number of readers of e-books increased steadily from 8 million to 12 million during the same period.

              At least two fundamental factors could be identified to contribute to this phenomenon. To begin with, along with the development of economy, people’ s living standards have been improved remarkably, as a consequence of which, an increasing amount of individuals focus on the convenience when they carry a heavy paper book. Simultaneously, there is another essential factor that not only does the e-book sell in a cheaper manner than paper books, but it is easy to search them on the Internet. It’ s reported that approximately 64.37% of people aged between 21 and 30 in Chinese big cities are fond of reading kindle, an electronic gizmo for reading e-books.

              In view of the arguments above, we can conclude that the current phenomenon is of no surprise. And therefore, it can be predicted that e-book readers will still take up a large share in the forthcoming future.

              譯文:

              正如上述條形圖所明確反映的,2010至2013年,讀者電子和紙質(zhì)書(shū)籍數量的變化顯示出明顯的差異。根據提供的數據,電子圖書(shū)讀者數量略有下降,從2010年的1 000萬(wàn)人下降至2013年的800萬(wàn)。而在同一時(shí)期,電子書(shū)的讀者人數從800萬(wàn)穩步增加到1 200萬(wàn)。

              至少可以確定兩個(gè)基本因素促成這一現象。首先,隨著(zhù)經(jīng)濟的發(fā)展,人們的生活水平得到了顯著(zhù)提高,因此,越來(lái)越多的人在攜帶沉重的紙質(zhì)書(shū)籍時(shí)注重方便。同時(shí),還有一個(gè)基本因素,即電子書(shū)不僅比紙質(zhì)書(shū)便宜,而且很容易在互聯(lián)網(wǎng)上搜索。據報道,在中國大城市,大約64.37%的21-30歲的人喜歡閱讀電子書(shū)的電子小玩意兒。

              鑒于上述論點(diǎn),我們可以得出結論,目前的現象并不奇怪。因此,可以預測,電子書(shū)閱讀器在未來(lái)仍將占很大份額。

              5. 網(wǎng)絡(luò )銷(xiāo)售

            考研英語(yǔ)二大作文

              What is explicitly demonstrated in the above chart is the sales changes of online shopping in domestic market over the period from 2011 to 2015. The turnover of e-commerce saw a substantial gain from approximately 800 billion in 2011 to 2500 billion in 2014. Surprisingly, it is predicted that the figure will continue to soar dramatically to roughly 3400 billion in 2015.

              We can easily recognize its advantages as follows: e-commerce, which is extremely convenient, can save us a great amount of precious time and we can buy products anywhere we want as long as we can surf online. However, for all the advantages mentioned above, online trading is by no means without its limitations as listed below: we may be cheated by some online retailers, which might be a potential threat to our bank accounts.

              Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to the authorities to make strict legislations to severely punish those who deliberately spoil the interests of online customers. For another, we should enhance the awareness of residents that rational purchasing is conducive to our income management. Only in this way can we maximize the merits and minimize the demerits of online purchasing.

              譯文:

              上圖中明確展示的是2011-2015年國內市場(chǎng)網(wǎng)上購物的銷(xiāo)售變化。電子商務(wù)的營(yíng)業(yè)額從2011年的約8000億大幅增長(cháng)到2014年的25000億。出人意料的是,預計2015年這一數字將繼續大幅飆升至約34000億。

              我們可以很容易地認識到它的優(yōu)點(diǎn)如下:電子商務(wù),這是非常方便的,可以節省我們大量的寶貴時(shí)間,我們可以在你想的任何地方購買(mǎi)產(chǎn)品,只要我們可以在網(wǎng)上沖浪。然而,對于上述所有優(yōu)勢,在線(xiàn)交易絕不是沒(méi)有其限制,如下所列:我們可能會(huì )被一些在線(xiàn)零售商欺騙,這可能對我們的銀行帳戶(hù)是一個(gè)潛在的威脅。

              因此,我們必須采取嚴厲措施。首先,我們應該呼吁當局制定嚴格的立法,嚴懲那些故意損害網(wǎng)絡(luò )客戶(hù)利益的人。另一方面,應提高居民理性購買(mǎi)有利于收入管理的認識。只有這樣,我們才能最大限度地發(fā)揮網(wǎng)上采購的優(yōu)點(diǎn),最大限度地減少缺點(diǎn)。
              (本文為跨考教育教研室老師原創(chuàng ),轉載請注明出處。)

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